Types of Cysts

Different types of cysts can form in organs, bones and soft tissues. Cysts are sacs that form in the body that are filled with fluid, air or other tissue.  It is not always clear what causes cysts to form although it is thought genetics is related. In many cases, they cause no symptoms and won't damage your health. Other times cysts may be caused by infection or parasites.

In polycystic kidney disease, they form in the kidneys or other parts of the body and can lead to high blood pressure, commonly known as hypertension. Sometimes, cysts can grow quite large and threaten your health. They are not cancerous although they could accompany cancerous tumors in some rare occasions.

There are several types of cysts. Usually the ones that form in the kidneys or lymph system are filled with fluid. The cysts in the lungs are commonly filled with air. The ones located on the skin can be filled with tissue or pus. In some cases cysts in the organs and muscles form around parasites.

Here are a few of the different types of cysts:

  • Polycystic kidney disease or PKD occurs when a cluster of cysts form on your kidneys that fill with fluid. This condition can also cause cysts to form in other body organs. The risks associated with these cysts can be serious. Besides hypertension, it can also lead to kidney failure.
  • Breast cysts are common in women ages 30 to 40. You can have one cyst or several. These are usually soft and fluid filled but may also feel solid. Treatment is usually not needed unless cysts become large and painful. In that instance, draining fluid may be indicated.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is a complex syndrome that appears in women that is linked to the reproductive system. When an ovarian cyst actually interferes with the ability to conceive the condition is referred to as the ovarian cyst infertility. PCOS could be combined to other medical problems like hypertension, diabetes and cholesterol abnormalities.                                                                                                              Reduced fat diet for eliminating cysts                                                                                  Ovarian cyst treatment often includes making lifestyle changes like getting more basic exercise and improving the diet.

Sebaceous cysts, they are mostly benign and are formed in external parts of the body:

These types of cysts are identified by specific names depending on the area.

  • The pilonidal cysts usually form near the tailbone and is composed of abnormal tissue, hair and skin debris. When a pilonidal cyst becomes infected, it can cause pain and the accumulation and discharge of pus. Treatment includes surgical cyst removal that could possibly be done in a doctor's office.
  • A fluid filled cyst that forms behind your knee is called a Baker's cyst. These occur when your knee joint is damaged or irritated and excess fluid is produced that then accumulates behind the knee. This can cause pain and stiffness. Treatment includes treating the underlying cause of the joint irritation and managing discomfort symptoms.
  • Ganglion cysts are lumps that develop along your wrists or feet. They may pop up suddenly or grow slowly over time. It is not known what causes them and they usually do not create symptoms or need treatment, but will eventually fade away on their own.
  • In the case of pilar cysts, known as scalp cysts (which are bumps in the scalp), a diet consisting of fresh food and reduced unhealthy fat along with the use of a natural essential oil (with a carrier oil such as jojoba oil) over the cysts about 3 times daily is believed to help control the problem: tea tree oil, manuka oil or the neem oil. These oils are also beneficial in mild acne problems for many individuals. If needed a basic cyst removal will be performed at the doctors' office.

Cyst Symptoms

As you can see, there are many ways that different types of cysts can appear in the body and therefore a wide range of cyst symptoms that you may experience. Common symptoms associated with them include pain over the affected area, reddish color in the region and a bump. If a cyst becomes infected you may notice other symptoms like: fever, chills and feeling run down.

General Treatments

Treatment for cysts varies as well. Many times no treatment is required. Other times the symptoms must be treated to prevent further kidney damage. When cysts grow too large, or become infected, they begin to threaten your health and surgical removal or drainage may be indicated. In the case of complex medical conditions like polycystic kidney disease and the PCOS, medical intervention through the use of medications may be needed.

Fresh peaches and raspberries
Sometimes you can treat cysts naturally. For instance, breast cysts seem to be linked to caffeine consumption. It is thought that drinking caffeine affects hormone levels that stimulate the growth of cysts.

Eat fresh fruits, drink more water and natural juices; eliminating coffee and artificial soft drinks may be able to reduce the number or size of the cysts and lessen the associated pain.

When treating the different types of cysts that form in joints, protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation home remedy may help. Protect the joint by keeping weight off it, use ice to help control pain and swelling, apply a compression bandage and keep the joint elevated.

Remedies for polycystic ovary syndrome may be of benefit. These include controlling carbohydrates and fats. The condition is linked to insulin resistance, maintaining an ideal body weight and steady blood glucose levels may help relieve some of the symptoms associated with this condition.

If you have concerns about a cyst growth or are experiencing unpleasant symptoms, you should seek medical help as soon as possible to put your mind at ease. Your doctor can easily diagnose it and recognize it from a tumor with a simple test. 


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