Postural Hypertension 

Postural hypertension can be the reason for an unexpected increase in your blood pressure levels. Under normal circumstances, the blood pressure should average around 120/80 mmHg. It can be more or less depending on the age and overall personal health.

During the day the pressure changes depending on several factors like the liquids and food consumed, stress levels and overall physical activity. Medications are another important element that should be watched carefully as they can alter your blood pressure dramatically. One thing that you may not be aware of is that sometimes a simple change in your position can raise your blood pressure in a significant way.

Orthostatic or postural hypertension occurs when your blood pressure has an increment of approximately 15 to 20 mmHg as you change your posture from lying down or sitting to standing up. This change in pressure is noticeable when the heart is contracting so the systolic number is the one to watch in this case.


Man sitting in the sofa
The true cause of the problem is still unknown, however, there are certain theories as to why the problem occurs. One possible cause can be as you stand up the blood accumulates more in the extremities of the body and the amount of blood delivered by the heart decreases. This can trigger a response in the nervous system to compensate by narrowing the arteries which result in a blood pressure increase. In other cases the condition might be related to a tumor or neuropathy.

Treating Orthostatic Hypertension

There is not an exact answer to treat every case of this type of hypertension. Unlike other forms of hypertension, there isn't a single method that you can use on the majority of the cases. Each doctor has to look at the cases individually. Since there are so many different causes, the doctor will have to figure out the root before a treatment is decided. There are a few prescriptions that doctors will prescribe in certain scenarios. They will also recommend getting up more carefully from a seated position. High blood pressure can also be prevented by frequently drinking water as well. This is one of the simplest and yet most effective treatments available.

Overall, postural hypertension isn't one of the most life-threatening conditions out there, but it can also be an indicator of something bigger. Watch out for it and visit a doctor if you experience it often.

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