Things to Know About Macrocytic Anemia

Macrocytic anemia is one of the several types of anemia. Anemia generally appears when the blood volume in our circulatory system diminishes. Many factors can make that happen. A major injury can cause a severe loss of blood decreasing the amount of red blood cells in the body.

The decrease in the amount of red cells leads to a decrease of the hemoglobin in the blood which creates an oxygen supply problem for different organs. Most types of anemia create a similar problem but the severity of the condition can vary drastically according to the cause.

The macrocytic anemia is a mild type of anemia usually connected to a nutritional deficiency. Its main characteristic is the bigger than normal red blood cells. The cell volume of a normal red cell is slightly smaller than one in a person affected by the macrocytic condition. An alteration on the DNA while the RNA(Ribonucleic acid) remains intact during the cell division process is the direct cause of the illness.


If the red cells in the bone marrow have the same abnormal bigger size as the one in the general bloodstream the anemia is called megaloblastic. Elderly people are usually more prone to suffer from this condition. Alcohol abuse can also be one big factor in the appearance of this illness. The main cause for this condition is the lack of certain vitamins. A low level of vitamin B12 or a folic acid deficiency can be the central cause of the problem. People with liver disease that are not consuming the right amount of vitamin B12 are very vulnerable to this type of illness. Pregnant women that are having problems to absorb the vitamin B12 in their bodies are also very susceptible.


Gastrointestinal problems might be the responsible for poor absorption of the vitamin B12. Some medical treatments can also complicate the vitamin B12 shortage. Symptoms for this condition are similar to those of other types of anemia but with a couple of differences. Fatigue, headache, tachycardia, diarrhea, gastrointestinal disorders and neurological disorders are typical for this disease.


Treatment for this type of anemia generally consists in increasing the levels of vitamin B12 to normal ranges and to make sure the body can assimilate it. Vitamin B shots are the usual way to increase the vitamin B levels. This can help to prevent the affection and hinder its development. Consult your doctor if you feel any of the symptoms related to macrocytic anemia.


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