Isolated Systolic Hypertension

Other variation of High Blood Pressure

Isolated systolic hypertension is said to be one the most common forms of hypertension in people aging 65 years old and up. This type of hypertension can rarely be treated.

It occurs when the systolic blood pressure rises above 140 mmHg and the diastolic blood pressure drops below 90 mmHg. This type of hypertension is a risk factor for heart diseases and stroke. It can also damage organs such as the eyes, heart, kidneys, and brain.

There are a lot of factors that are known to cause this illness, which includes smoking, overweight, high sugar intake, old age, and drinking alcoholic beverages. Other factors that can lead to this problem are unhealthy eating habits and sedentary lifestyles.

Treatments generally recommended

Isolated systolic hypertension can be treated using medications such as diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, and beta-blockers. Just like in any other forms of hypertension, it is essential to reduce salt intake. This is due to the fact that salt is sodium and sodium can cause the blood pressure to rise. It is recommended to consume one or less teaspoon of table salt per day. The best way of restricting sodium in the diet is by eating fresh fruits, vegetables and steamed or baked white meat (such as chicken or turkey breast), instead of fast food and canned products.

Another method of treating isolated systolic hypertension is by increasing the physical activity. According to clinical studies, physical activity such as exercise can help in lowering down the systolic blood pressure by 5-10 mmHg. A 15 to 30 minute exercise a day is proven to beneficial in lowering down blood pressure and in achieving healthy lungs and heart.

Exercises that are safe for the elderly are low impact aerobic exercises such as bicycling, swimming, walking, running in place, stationary cycling, and working out using fitness equipments such as elliptical trainer. It is always necessary, however, to check first with a physician before starting any forms of exercises because each individual has different reaction to exercises.

Dealing with unhealthy habits

Different fruits
People with this condition should follow a low fat diet. Those who are overweight or obese should lose weight. Vegetables and fresh fruits must be added in the diet. If you are not sure about what specific foods to add to your diet, you can ask for suggestions from your physician or dietitian. It is also necessary to limit alcohol and caffeine consumption.

Smoking, too, should be avoided since it contains nicotine which can cause the blood vessels to constrict, causing the blood pressure to rise. For those who are under stress, it is very important to take time to rest and relax. Anxiety and stress are also known factors of isolated systolic hypertension.

As people age, it is always necessary to have their blood pressure checked regularly. If you are one of those people who have high blood pressure, it is important that you consult your doctor immediately to avoid suffering from the dreadful complications of this disorder.


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