How to Read Blood Pressure

Knowing how to read blood pressure is very important especially if you suffer from the condition. Hypertension can be dangerous and could threaten your life so is essential that you know all that you can about the condition. 

Naturally the blood moves through the body as a result of the pumping effort of the heart. If the pressure of the blood is too high it can damage the artery walls and several organs of the body; when it is too low it can also be very harmful since the blood won’t be able to deliver enough oxygen to the body.

Hypertension or high blood pressure generally will not present any symptoms at all. So is very important to understand the readings on a monitor. Normally when the doctor indicates that you have high blood pressure it means that it is constantly over the 120/80 mmHg limit.

First you must understand what this number means when learning how to read blood pressure:

Blood pressure monitorThe number in the top is known as the systolic blood pressure while the bottom one is the diastolic. The systolic blood pressure is the one that the heart exerts when is contracting (which is why the number is higher).

The diastolic pressure is exerted by the heart when is relaxed (the bottom number is smaller because the pressure is smaller).

The average blood pressure is known to be 120/80 mmHg for the time being. This scale can be adjusted as new studies arise. Depending on how high is your reading your hypertension will be defined in one of the different stages of hypertension. Once your blood pressure goes over the average reading and gives a lecture like 121/81 mmHg you are considered to have prehypertension. The main 4 stages of hypertension are divided in increments of 20 mmHg for the systolic blood pressure and 10 mmHg for the diastolic one.

When the blood pressure reaches the 140/90 mmHg reading it can be considered stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 of this condition is reached once your reading reflects a 160/100 mmHg.

If your reading is between the stage 1 and stage 2 you have mild high blood pressure. The third stage of the disease starts at 180/110 mmHg and the final one is 200/120 mmHg. Understanding how to read blood pressure can save your life especially if at any moment you get a reading of 180/110 mmHg or above. If you get a lecture close to that you will have to call your doctor or get someone to take you to the hospital immediately to prevent serious damage to your organs.


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