Enlarged Heart Causes

High blood pressure is one of the most common enlarged heart causes and many people have this condition without even knowing it. When you have high blood pressure your heart pumps harder to get blood around the body, which can make it become enlarged.

Occasionally, it could happen that a person is diagnosed with an enlarged heart for no apparent reason; this is called an idiopathic diagnosis.

It simply means that there seems to be no apparent cause.

You may have no symptoms in the early stages of cardiomyopathy but as the condition progresses, your heart may get larger to try to do its job more effectively, which is to pump blood around your body.

Most cases of an enlarged heart have diagnosable reasons for developing.

Sometimes babies are born with congenital defects that can cause an enlarged heart, because these defects can affect the way it works, making it work harder to try to do its job.

- There are four valves that keep blood flow moving in the right direction.

If you've had a condition like rheumatic fever, if you have a heart defect, or if it has been damaged in other ways such as through cancer treatment side effects or use of medications, it may become larger because of this damage. When valvular damage occurs, your heart has to try to keep the blood moving effectively, and may become enlarged as a result of trying to do its job.

- If you have an irregular heartbeat your blood won't be pumped as effectively as it would if you had a normal rhythm.

Because the organ has to do extra work as a result of the arrhythmia, it may become enlarged. With pulmonary hypertension, you have high blood pressure specifically in the artery that connects your heart and lungs.

- If you have anemia or a low red blood cell count, you don't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to the cells, where it is needed in your body.

If your anemia becomes chronic, you can develop an irregular or rapid heartbeat that will probably be one of the enlarged heart causes. Whether your thyroid is underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism), this can lead you to have problems, including a heart that's enlarged.

- With hemochromatosis, your body doesn't use iron properly.

It builds up in your body, including in various organs. This can cause your left ventricle to enlarge because of your weak heart.

- Amyloidosis occurs when protein builds up in your heart muscle.

With those abnormal proteins circulating your bloodstream can be deposited in your heart, which can interfere with its function. That can cause its enlargement.

As you can see, there are a variety of reasons your heart can enlarge; if you are diagnosed with it your doctor will determine which of the enlarged heart causes is possibly affecting you and subsequent treatment so that you can manage the condition as effectively as possible.


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