Calcium Score Test

Your calcium score can provide an indication of whether or not you are a risk of suffering heart problems. Cardiac problems are more common now than ever before. The stress from our daily lives and the unhealthy eating habits are some of the causes for the increase in heart related problems.

Heart diseases and other circulation problems might give symptoms like chest pain and shortness of breath but unfortunately for many people that is not the case.
The complications from heart disease can affect many people, especially those who think they are completely fine and have never bothered to get tested by their doctor. Heart attacks often appear without a warning; that is why is very important to know if you are at high risk. One way doctors often use to determine the risk of suffering from heart disease is by measuring cholesterol levels. LDL cholesterol can be quite dangerous once it enters the arteries. The walls of the arteries can harden if too much bad cholesterol accumulates in them. The hardening of the arteries can obstruct the blood flow resulting in heart attacks.
Sometimes having low cholesterol is not enough to guarantee a healthy heart; there have been cases of people with low cholesterol levels suffering from heart attacks. So even when cholesterol is a good indicator of heart problems is not the only one. Knowing your calcium score can also be helpful to determine your risk of experiencing heart disease. This test is used to detect if the atherosclerosis condition is present. Atherosclerosis is a disease that can cause an accumulation of plaque in the coronary artery walls.

The amount of plaque found is directly proportional to the chance of experiencing a myocardial infarction in the future. This plaque is mostly composed of cholesterol, calcium and fat. Calcium can accumulate in certain parts of the arteries weakening them so is essential to detect it as soon as possible.

The calcium score range from zero to thousands.

A 0 represents a very low risk of suffering heart attacks in the future while a number over 1000 means a very high risk. Even if you do not feel any symptoms a high score means you have to take the necessary precautions to avoid future problems. This score tends to increase with age and should be used in conjunction with other tests. The coronary calcium scan can only see total calcium accumulation and if you have plaque without calcium it will not be able to detect it. The people who benefit the most from the calcium scan are the ones with hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, have a family history of early heart disease and smokers.

Men over 40 years old and women that have experienced their menopause should also be checked for calcification of coronary arteries.

Remember even if you do not have any symptoms you should get the calcium score test just to be sure.


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