What is an Abnormal Ekg?

An abnormal ekg could be an indication of a serious health problem. Heart problems have become very common in recent times. The fact that heart diseases are among the top causes of death around the world is a clear indication. One of the measures taken to prevent and diagnose the development of severe heart conditions is the ekg test. 


An ekg commonly known as an electrocardiogram is a very important test used to determine certain conditions pertaining to the heart. The electrocardiogram measures the electrical signals in the heart. These electric signals are recorded and interpreted to give a diagnosis.

One of the best ways to know if there is a problem in someone’s heart is by comparing their ekgs with a normal one. Heart rate is one of the first things observed while performing the test. The normal rate should be between 60 and 100 beats per minute. Anything outside that range should be studied further.

Heart rhythm is also carefully observed when studying a possible abnormal ekg.

The typical one will show a straight flat line between the contractions and expansions of the heart. The contractions and expansions are represented by the spikes and dips. The absence of the straight flat lines for example could represent a serious heart condition.

Spikes and dips that are unusually pronounced could also represent a dangerous health situation.

There are many diseases that can be diagnosed by using this method.

Some of them are: congenital heart defect, coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, heart enlargement, hypertensive heart disease (caused by a chronic elevation of blood pressure), stroke, diabetes, heart failure and many more.

The abnormal ekg can show if the heart had suffered any damage. It can also be used to determine the effects of medications and pacemakers in the heart. Even when the test can be very helpful it has to be done under certain conditions to avoid false readings. Some medications can affect the heartbeat; so you must inform your doctor about every one of them.

Exercising just before the ekg can alter your heart rhythm as well. Even simple things like having a low sugar level or drinking cold water can have a significant effect on the test. Consult with your doctor about any external factors that could influence the rhythm of your heart before undergoing the medical examination.

The electrocardiogram is virtually painless. Once the electrodes are located in your body you will not feel anything at all although some irritation is possible after removing them.


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