Causes of Low Sodium Levels


Low sodium levels can be harmful for your body. Sodium is an important metallic element present in all animal life. The metal is very common in the oceans but is quite rare in dry land. The occurrence is the result of the high solubility of sodium in water. Rain normally dissolves the sodium found in the soil taking it to the closest water body.

Eventually it ends in the ocean which explains the high concentration of the element in the water. Since finding sodium can be a bit difficult for the plant-eating animals that live inland, they have developed the ability to perceive the metal as soon as they taste it.

As you know is necessary for sodium to be present in the human diet. Low sodium levels are rare in comparison to high levels. The eating habits of most people around the world normally guarantees a good amount of it.

However, there are cases where the levels of sodium are too low. The usual concentration in the blood is about 136 to 145 milli-moles per liter. Anything below 135 millimoles per liter is a cause for concern. The kidneys and the intestines are responsible to adjust the amount of sodium in the body according to its needs. Intestines absorb it if the levels are too low and the kidneys release any excessive amount of the element when its level increases too much.


The blood pressure mechanism in our bodies is regulated by using sodium and water.


- When the pressure is too low sodium levels get higher, if the blood pressure rises too much the excess is eliminated from the body.

- There are a variety of conditions that can lead to a low concentration of sodium in the body.

Certain kidney disorders, extreme alcohol consumption, some medications used to treat hypertension, too much vomiting, diarrhea and certain types of cancer can all be causes for low sodium.
 

Some of the symptoms are fatigue, headaches, muscle weakness, and swelling of extremities.


A lack of sodium cannot only affect you physically; the consequences in the brain are very well known. The brain is very sensitive to the amount of it, so without it you can feel confusion, mood swings, lethargy or decreased mental alertness and you can even fall into a coma. At this point there is a high probability of suffering a stroke.

As you can see keeping the appropriate levels of this element is extremely important, so if you feel any of the symptoms consult immediately with your physician.














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