Heart Murmur Symptoms


Heart murmur symptoms are usually heard by a doctor rather than causing physical discomfort to you. However, in some cases, a murmur accompanies heart disease which can have symptoms of its own.



A murmur is classified as a whooshing sound that is created by turbulent blood flow through or near the heart or the valves. When a doctor places a stethoscope over your heart, he can hear it beating rhythmically. When you have a murmur, there is an extra sound in your heart beat because your valve doesn’t close all the way or because blood is forcing its way though a stiffened valve.

A cardiologist who is experienced in detecting murmurs can tell quite a bit about the cause of the murmur by noting when it occurs and how it sounds. He may have you hold your breath to try and manipulate the sound. A murmur is graded in severity according to how loud it is. Heart murmur symptoms can be heard in adults as well as children of all ages. Some children are born with a murmur. Sometimes they indicate heart disease and other times they don't and are simply called innocent murmurs. In those cases, the child may outgrow it.


Causes

Murmurs can be caused by a number of conditions like: aortic regurgitation, mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, atrial septal defect, coarctation of the aorta, and ventricular septal defect. Physical symptoms that may occur along with a murmur and indicate heart disease are chest pain, dizziness, fainting, distended neck veins, sweating, shortness of breath and blue tinged skin or lips.



It is possible to have a murmur and not know it. You may not experience any noticeable symptoms at all. Your doctor may accidentally discover it during a routine examination. When your doctor detects heart murmur symptoms he will probably order an ECG, chest x-ray, and echocardiogram to get a look at what is going on with your heart valves.


Treatment

Treatment for heart murmur symptoms vary according to the cause. Many times, children don't require treatment since they will grow out of it as their bodies develop. It is estimated that over half of all children develop a murmur at some point in their development. When murmurs are caused by pathological reasons, surgery may be required in order to correct it. 

Murmurs are caused by heart valve regurgitation, or when they don't close all the way and blood leaks though, or stenosis, a stiffening of the valve. Minor cases will probably be treated with a wait and watch approach taking into consideration your overall health, age and other medical history. Other mild cases may respond to diuretics or other heart medications. In more advanced cases, surgery might be indicated in order to repair or replace the valve. 

Just because you or your child has been diagnosed with a murmur, it does not necessarily mean heart valve disease is involved or you will require surgery. There are many causes of a murmur and even many of the ones caused by heart disease do not require medical intervention unless your quality of life is impacted.












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