Understanding the main causes of hypertension


Before you know which are the causes of hypertension, or high blood pressure, you should know that this is an usual health problem, specially in the United States. A consistently higher than normal blood pressure reading can put a person at a higher risk of other medical issues.

For example, a cardiovascular disease, a heart attack, and even a stroke. Everyone will see their blood pressure raise on some occasion, such as during a very stressful event. 

Because hypertension has potentially dangerous consequences, especially when it is left unchecked. It is very important to know the which are main causes of hypertension so that you can determine whether you are at risk for this problem.


Types of hypertension and the causes

Before trying to understand the causes, you must first learn about the different types of this health condition.


Primary hypertension 


This is the most common type of high blood pressure. In this case, the cause is usually not identified, and the condition will gradually develop over the years. With primary hypertension, the best treatment is to address the high blood pressure itself with medication and lifestyle changes. Primary hypertension is the most common type by far, meaning that the causes can rarely be identified. This is why it is important to also understand the risk factors of this condition, so that you will be better able to evaluate the likelihood that you will develop this medical problem.

Secondary hypertension

In this case, the cause is often an underlying medical problem like congenital heart defects or kidney abnormalities. With secondary hypertension, the first line of treatment may be to treat the underlying condition.

People have more chances of a diagnosis of hypertension if

Doctor checking a woman's pressure

  1. they have a family history of the condition

  2. if they are African American

  3. if they are over the age of 65

  4. however, if you are a middle-aged white woman with no family history, it doesn't mean that it's completely impossible to be diagnosed with it

It is also important to ask your physician for regular screenings to be sure that your blood pressure stays under control. One of the effects of low potassium can be having a high blood pressure.

As you may have heard this condition is also often called the silent killer, because the main causes of hypertension are rarely known and there are very few "symptoms" that will show up when the condition is present.


The best way to protect yourself from this potentially deadly condition is to:

  • have regular screenings at your doctor's office

  • avoid stress

  • purchase a home blood pressure monitor that you can use

  • maintain a healthy diet
While causes of hypertension may not be easily identified, you can do plenty to keep yourself safe from this serious medical condition. Please don't ignore it.


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